Four revolutions of organizational innovation

Four revolutions of organizational innovation

Peter Drucker, the most profound observer of the industrial age, summed up the organizational innovation of the past 200 years into three revolutions.

The first time was the industrial revolution, where machines replaced physical strength and technology surpassed skills;

The second time was the productivity revolution, where the core was the popularization of scientific management represented by the Taylor system. With the concepts of measurement and other concepts, the new organization of the company emerged with the development of scientific management thinking;

The third is the management revolution, and knowledge has become the most important factor of production that surpasses capital and labor. Compared with manual labor, it is difficult to directly observe and measure whether knowledge workers work hard. Correspondingly, the focus of management has shifted to motivation, especially the matching of motivation. Option incentives are the most important organizational innovation in the development of high-tech enterprises over the past 20 years on the Internet.

The era we are facing today can be called the fourth revolution, that is, the “creative revolution.”

From the Internet to the mobile Internet, to the Internet of Things, from cloud computing to big data, a basic feature of future business has become very clear, that is, artificial intelligence based on machine learning will become the foundation of future business. Correspondingly, the most valuable people in the future society will have creativity, insight, and customer perception as their core characteristics.